WHAT IS MEANT BY LOK SABHA AND RAJYA SABHA?
The Lok Sabha, which stands for the House of the People, is the bottom house of the bicameral parliament of India. The upper house is the Rajya Sabha. The election of members of the Lok Sabha is by adult universal suffrage and first past the post system. These means are used in electing the members of the house that would represent their constituencies. The members hold their seat in the house for 5 years or when the house is being dissolved by the President, on the advice of the council of ministers. The Lok Sabha chambers is the base where members meet and it is situated in New Delhi.
The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha as stated by India’s constitution is 552. The 552 members consists of 530 member that are elected to represent the state, close to 22 members representing the union territories and at most 2 members that would be nominated by the President of India to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The nomination of the members by the President of India would be done on the belief of the President that the Anglo-Indian community is not adequately represented. The Lok Sabha has a private television station situated in the premises of the parliament. The television station is Lok Sabha TV.
The Rajya Sabha, which stands for the Council of States, is the top house of the bicameral parliament of India. Its members are to a total of 250 members at most by the constitution of India. Most members of the parliament elected indirectly by state and territorial legislatures by making use of single transferable votes. The President of India has the power to appoint 12 members for contributing to literature, arts, social sciences and siences. The members of the house seat for a period of 6 years, with 1/3 of the members having to retire every 2 years.
The Rajya Sabha has meetings in sessions for a continuous period of time. The house cannot be dissolved like the Lok Sabha, which is the bottom house of the bicameral parliament of India. However, just like the Lok Sabha, the President of India can prorogue the Rajya Sabha. In terms of footing, the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are equal in legislation. The only difference in the footing of legislation of both houses is in the area of supply as the Lok Sabha possesses overriding powers. In a situation where there is conflict in legislation, a joint sitting of both houses would be held. Due to the fact that there are more members in the Lok Sabha than Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha would usually possess the higher power.
The differences between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha include:
1. Lok Sabha is the bottom chamber, while the Rajya Sabha is the top chamber. Being the bottom chamber does not mean that the Lok Sabha is less powerful than the Rajya Sabha. In fact, the Lok Sabha is superior to the Rajya Sabha.
2. Lok Sabha can have at most 552 members, while Rajya Sabha can have at most 250 members.
3. Lok Sabha’s members are elected via universal adult suffrage, while members of Rajya Sabha are elected by legislative assembly of all the states via proportional representation.