HOW LOK SABHA MEMBERS ARE ELECTED IN INDIA
India practices a system of bicameral legislation as it has two legislative houses: an upper house and a lower house. The Indian Parliament is the apex legislative body of India. It is composed of the President of India and the two houses. The two legislative houses are the Rajya Sabha (which is the upper house and stands for Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (which is the lower house and stands for the house of the people). The role of the President is to be head as he can have either of the houses summoned and prorogued. Furthermore, the President of India can dissolve the Lok Sabha, subject to the advice of the Prime Minister and the Rajya Sabha. Every member of the parliament, irrespective of how they became members, is regarded as members of the parliament.
The Lok Sabha is the bottom house of India’s parliament. The members of the house hold their seats for a period of 5 years or until when the house is dissolved by the President of India, subject to the advice of the Prime Minister and the Rajya Sabha. According to the constitution of India, the Lok Sabha can comprise of at most 552 members. These members comprise of 530 members that are to represent the states, close to 20 members that are to represent the union territories and at most 2 people that would represent the Anglo-Indian community. The President of India nominates the people that would represent the Anglo-Indian society when he believes that the community is not adequately represented. The Lok Sabha meets in the chambers of Lok Sabha that is located in New Delhi.
The members of the Lok Sabha are elected via an adult universal suffrage and a first past the post system. These members are elected to represent their various constituencies. before one can be elected to be a member of the Lok Sabha, he/she must have fulfilled the eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria to be a member of the Lok Sabha include:
1. The person must be a citizen of India.
2. The person must be at least 25 years old.
3. The person must be a voter for any Indian parliamentary constituency.
4. To be nominated, a candidate of a party that is fully recognized needs a proposer from his constituency.
5. A candidate that is independent needs a total amount of 10 proposers.
6. A security deposit of ten thousand rupees would be made by candidates.
There are some grounds that can make a person ineligible to be a member of the Lok Sabha. They include:
1. Such person holds an office of profit under the Indian government. The only exception is the office allowed by the Indian parliament by law
2. Such person is an undischarged insolvent
3. Such person is of unsound mind
4. Such person is no longer a citizen of India
5. Such person is disqualified on the grounds of defection
6. Such person is disqualified by any law enacted by the parliament of India
7. Such person has been convicted for the offence of bribery
8. Such person has been convicted for promoting enmity between groups
9. Such person has been dismissed for being corrupt or being disloyal to the state
10. Such person has been convicted for an offence and has served a jail sentence